Kashan is one of the main cities of Isfahan province. It is located in an altitude of 1,600 m above sea level, and 240 km to the south of Tehran. Kashan is accessible by first-class highway, national road, or railway. In addition to its world-famous carpets, Kashan is also well known for its silk and tile known as kashi after its place of manufacture.
Kashan is one of the most important archaeological sites in central Iran. It has a historical background of over 7,000 years. Walking in the silent and peaceful alleys of the town, one can see very old buildings with brick walls constantly baked, as in old times, under the scorching sun.
Agha Bozurg Mosque:
The Agha Bozurg Mosque and School complex, belong to the second half of the last century. When the country’s architects produced a number of unforgettable masterpieces. Agha Bozorgh Mosque constructed for prayers, preaching and teaching sessions held by Molla Mahdi Naraghi II. Who was famous by his title of Agha Bozorgh (literally meaning big or great lord).
The mosque has been described as “the finest Islamic complex in Kashan and one of the best of the mid-19th century”. Noted for its symmetrical design, it consists of two large iwans. One in front of the mihrab and the other by the entrance. The courtyard has a second court in the middle which comprises a garden with trees and a fountain.
Bazaar of Kashan:
One of the most fascinating sightseeing places in Kashan is the bazaar historic complex. It was first constructed in the Safavid era, but rebuilt in its present form early in the nineteenth century. Bazaar of Kashan has many interesting sections incorporated in it. For example Saraye Amin od-Dowleh, caravansaries, mosques, baths, water storage and smaller bazaars.
Kashan has many close to 50 magnificent houses, that are part of the countries historical heritage currently. Be sure to visit as many as you can while in Kashan. Known as the bride of Iranian houses is the Tabatabai house. Seyed Jafar Tabatayi a successful carpet merchant constructed this master piece in 1834.
Borujerdis Old House was built nearly 130 years ago by a famous merchant named Haj Seyed Jafar Borujerdi from Natanz. This house is known as the symbol of Kashan architecture.
Several of these houses have been renovated to guest houses, which you can you can see the list and pictures of the houses here. Be sure to check these marvelous houses.
Fin Garden was designed for Shah Abbas I in the 16th century.This delightful garden has symmetrical proportions, old cedars, spring-fed pools. Given its influence in the planning of gardens as far afield as India and Spain, has justly earned a place on the UNESCO World Heritage list. It lies in the suburb of Fin, 9 km southwest of central Kashan,
In contrast to the arid location, the garden flows with crystal-clear warm water channeled from a natural spring. The evergreen trees inside the garden are up to 500 years old. The profusion of complementary deciduous trees contributes to a garden that works to please year-round.
Between Fin Garden and Kashan is the mound of Tappeh Sialk. It is the site of a prehistoric culture which dated by Ghirshman who excavated the Tappeh in the 30s and later, to the second half of the 15th millennium BC. Later discoveries showed that the Site is more than 7,000 years old. It is probably the richest archaeological site so far uncovered in central Iran. Although the most interesting finds had moved to various institutes and museums, including National Museum of Iran in Tehran and Louvre in Paris.
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